Supreme Court of Texas.
SECOND INJURY FUND et al., Petitioners,
Billy Joe KEATON, Respondent.
April 19, 1961.
Rehearing Denied May 17, 1961.
Attorneys & Firms
*251 **712 Will Wilson, Atty. Gen., John L. Estes and W. O. Shultz, II, Asst. Attys. Gen., for petitioners.
Ray & Knudtson, Amarillo, for respondent.
The primary question presented here is whether or not *252 Article 8306,1 Sections 12c, **713 12c-1, and 12c-2, Vernon’s Annotated Civil Statutes, as amended, permits a recovery from the Second Injury Fund where as here the claimant sustained only partial incapacity as a result of general injuries. We have concluded to answer this question in the negative. Such answer requires that the judgments of both the trial court and the Court of Civil Appeals be reversed and judgment rendered that respondent take nothing by his suit.
Our decision on this question renders it unnecessary to decide petitioners’ points involving such questions as-that respondent failed to give notice of injury to the Second Injury Fund within thirty days of the accident; that he failed to make claim against the Second Injury Fund within six months of the accident; and that the respondent had no statutory right of appeal from an award of the Industrial Accident Board with respect to a claim against the Second Injury Fund.
*253 Respondent filed this suit against the Second Injury Fund, State of Texas, seeking benefits under Article 8306, Section 12c et seq., supra, for alleged partial and permanent incapacity resulting from the combination of two previous injuries to his left leg (a football injury in October 1948 and an automobile accident in February 1952), and a subsequent injury to his right leg on June 14, 1957.
The facts were stipulated. After a trial by the court without the intervention of a jury, the court entered judgment awarding the respondent a recovery from the Second Injury Fund for a period of 300 weeks at 30 percent partial disability. The Court of Civil Appeals has affirmed. 337 S.W.2d 841.
The problem of the compensation to be awarded to a previously injured workman when he receives a second injury is made difficult of solution for the simple reason that the legislative amendment to the workmen’s compensation law setting up the Second Injury Fund is to say the least silent as to the course the Industrial Accident Board, the courts, and the litigants coming within the purview of the amendment should take in presenting and bringing claims against the Second Injury Fund to a final conclusion.
The Second Injury Fund statute by its very terms has been made an integral part of the Workmen’s Compensation Act. A proceeding by an injured employee under this Act to recover compensation from the Second Injury Fund must rest entirely upon the statutes alone. See Rogers v. Traders & General Ins. Co., 135 Tex. 149, 139 S.W.2d 784, 128 A.L.R. 1305. The statutes both create and measure the rights of parties proceeding under the Act. Since the right to a recovery in this case does not rest upon the common law, we are necessarily compelled to examine the specific statutes, supra, which deal with the Fund to determine whether or not the **714 liability of the Second Injury Fund is to be extended to the respondent, who has been found by the trial court to be only partially and permanently disabled as the result of general injuries.
The parties agree that Section 12c that a partial disability is not excluded since such terms as ‘condition of incapacity’ and ‘combined incapacity’ mean any further amount of increase in the degree of incapacity. With this contention we cannot agree.
The intention of the legislature in enacting the statute must be ascertained from the language of the statute itself. When that intention has been ascertained by the court, it is our duty to enforce such intent. The Second Injury Fund Amendment necessarily must be viewed as a whole. Johnson v. Darr, 114 Tex. 516, 272 S.W. 1098.
*255 We have found no Texas case involving the exact question presented here. The Court of Civil Appeals bases its holding in our case that the Second Injury Fund is liable for a combination of general injuries resulting in partial disability upon the provisions of Section 12c-1, supra, limit the liability of the Second Injury Fund to situations involving a combination of specific injuries resulting in total and permanent incapacity. Neither combinations of general injuries nor injuries resulting in partial disability are compensable from the Second Injury Fund. Some jurisdictions provide for a recovery against the Second Injury Fund where a combination of injuries results in partial disability. Thus far, the Texas Legislature has not seen fit to enact a comprehensive Second Injury Fund Statute which would embrace the type of cause of action against the Second Injury Fund alleged and established by the respondent.
For the reasons stated, the judgments of the trial court and the Court of Civil Appeals are both reversed, and judgment is here rendered that the respondent take nothing by his suit.
‘Sec. 12c. If an employee who has suffered a previous injury shall suffer a subsequent injury which results in a condition of incapacity to which both injuries or their effects have contributed, the association (Texas Employers’ Insurance Association) shall be liable because of such injury only for the compensation to which the subsequent injury would have entitled the injured employee had there been no previous injury; provided that there shall be created a fund known as the ‘Second-Injury Fund’ hereinafter described, from which an employee who has suffered a subsequent injury shall be compensated for the combined incapacities resulting from both injuries.’ Acts 1917, p. 269; Acts 1947, 50th Leg., p. 690, ch. 349, s 1.
‘Sec. 12c-1. If an employee who has previously lost, or lost the use of, one hand, one arm, one foot, one leg, or one eye, becomes permanently and totally incapacitated through the loss or loss of use of another member or organ, the association shall be liable only for the compensation payable for such second injury provided, however, that in addition to such compensation and after the combination of the payments therefor, the employee shall be paid the remainder of the compensation that would be due for the total permanent incapacity out of the special fund known as ‘Second Injury Fund,’ hereafter defined.’ Acts 1947, 50th Leg., p. 690, ch. 349, s 1.
‘Sec. 12c-2. The special fund known as the ‘second-Injury Fund’ shall be created in the following manner:
‘(a) In every case of the death of an employee under this Act where there is no person entitled to compensation surviving said employee, the association shall pay to the Industrial Accident Board the sum of Three Thousand Dollars ($3,000) to be deposited with the Treasurer of the State for the benefit of said Fund and the Board shall direct the distribution thereof.
‘(b) When the total amount of all such payments into the Fund, together with the accumulated interest thereon, equals or exceeds One Hundred Thousand Dollars ($100,000) in excess of existing liabilities, no further payments shall be required to be paid to said Fund; but whenever thereafter the amount of such Fund shall be reduced below Fifty Thousand Dollars ($50,000) by reason of payments to such Fund, then payments to such Fund shall be resumed forthwith, and shall continue until such Fund again amounts to One Hundred Thousand Dollars ($100,000) including accumulated interest thereon.’ As amended Acts 1957, 55th Leg., p. 1186, ch. 397, s 1.