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Watson v. Glens Falls Ins. Co.
March 13, 1974
505 S.W.2d 793
Texas Supreme Court
Published Opinion

Watson v. Glens Falls Ins. Co.

Supreme Court of Texas.

Francia K. WATSON, Guardian of Travis H. Watson, N.C.M., Petitioner,



No. B—3816.


Feb. 13, 1974.


Rehearing Denied March 13, 1974.

Attorneys & Firms

*794 Foreman, Dyess, Prewett, Rosenberg & Henderson, A. D. Dyess, Houston, for petitioner.

Fulbright, Crooker & Jaworski, William H. Payne and Russell H. McMains, Houston, for respondent.


SAM D. JOHNSON, Justice.

Mrs. Watson appeals from a summary judgment in favor of Glens Falls Insurance Company, a workmen’s compensation insurance carrier. The trial court judgment was affirmed by the court of civil appeals. 489 S.W.2d 322. We affirm.

Mr. Watson was severely injured while working for Shelton W. Greer Company, Inc., a subcontractor of Pence Construction Corporation. Greer Company had an indemnity agreement with Pence Construction Corporation under the terms of which *795 Greer Company obligated itself to ‘protect, indemnify and save Pence Construction Corporation and Owner harmless from any and all claims . . . on account of any act or in connection with the work of the Contractor or its agents or servants or subcontractors . . ..’ Glens Falls provided Greer Company with both liability, including contractual liability, and workmen’s compensation coverage.

The Industrial Accident Board entered an award in favor of Mr. Watson on November 27, 1968. Thereafter, Mrs. Watson, with permission from the probate court, filed a third-party action against Pence Construction Corporation alleging that her husband’s injuries were proximately caused by its negligence. That case proceeded to final judgment. See Pence Construction Corporation v. Watson, 470 S.W.2d 637 (Tex.1971). Subsequent to the filing of the third-party action, Mrs. Watson filed a claim and received an award from the Industrial Accident Board for medical expenses incurred during the six months following the first award. See Vernon’s Annotated Civil Statutes, Article 8307, Section 5.1 Glens Falls appealed the second award by filing this suit and Mrs. Watson cross-acted for the additional medical expenses in question. The trial court granted Glens Falls’ motion for summary judgment, upholding the Carrier’s position that Mrs. Watson’s claim for the additional medical expenses was barred as a matter of law as a result of her election to prosecute her third-party action.

Specifically, Glens Falls argues that Section 6a is as follows:

’Sec. 6a. Where the injury for which compensation is payable under this law was caused under circumstances creating a legal liability in some person other than the subscriber to pay damages in respect thereof, the employe may at his option proceed either at law against that person to recover damages or against the association for compensation under this law, but not against both, And if he elects to proceed at law against the person other than the subscriber, then he shall not be entitled to compensation under this law.’ (Emphasis added.)

Numerous cases have used the statutory language emphasized above to bar an initial claim for compensation filed after the claimant has pursued a third-party action. Section 6a the employee is entitled to any portion of the judgment in excess of the workmen’s compensation benefits which have been paid plus reasonable litigation costs. To protect the carrier’s subrogation rights in the third-party action, the statute cuts off the compensation rights of an employee who does not pursue his claim for compensation first.

Mrs. Watson’s contention in the court of civil appeals and here is that the dual role of the Insurance Company in this case as both the liability and workmen’s compensation carrier for Greer Company calls for an exception to Czaplicki v. The Hoegh Silvercloud, 351 U.S. 525, 76 S.Ct. 946, 100 L.Ed. 1387 (1956). Czaplicki, like the instant case, involved an insurer on both sides of a third-party action. However, under the Longshoremen’s and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act, a longshoreman who filed a compensation claim by statute assigned his cause of action against a negligent third party to the compensation carrier. The court in Czaplicki held that the longshoreman had Standing to pursue his third-party action despite the assignment because the compensation carrier’s conflict of interest foreclosed the possibility of a third-party action.

Under Texas law the employee has Standing to pursue a third-party claim subsequent to a compensation award whether or not the insurance company refuses to do so. See Zurich Insurance Company v. Reider, 324 S.W.2d 428 (Tex.Civ.App.—Fort Worth 1959, no writ). Hence, the problem with standing that occupied the Supreme Court of the United States in Czaplicki is not before this court. The Carrier in the instant case was in the same position as the carrier in Czaplicki, however. Glens Falls, or any other carrier, would understandably be unwilling to seek a recovery from itself. As a result, Mrs. Watson would be left to pursue the third-party action on her own.

Glens Falls argues and the courts below have held that pursuit of this third-party action precluded any subsequent award of medical payments under Section 5, any claimant in Mrs. Watson’s position would have to choose between future medical payments and a third-party suit, given the understandable reluctance of an insurance company to sue itself as indemnitor.

However, the court is of the opinion that the Legislature did not intend to include future medical payments within the election provision of Section 5 was amended in 1957, giving the Board continuing jurisdiction to give medical payment awards.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, Mrs. Watson brings the instant case to this court possessed of a fatal deficiency. In her brief to the court of civil appeals, Mrs. Watson preserved only one point which reads as follows:


Mrs. Watson’s point and argument make only one contention, that the Insurance Carrier’s conflict of interest calls for an exception to the election provision of Malooly Brothers, Inc. v. Napier, 461 S.W.2d 119 (Tex.1970), precludes any recovery by Mrs. Watson since she neither challenged the summary judgment on the correct ground nor preserved the correct ground via a general assignment of error in granting the summary judgment.

It is true that Mrs. Watson’s motion for rehearing in the court of civil appeals was more expanded. The points on such motion, which are all but identical to those contained in her application for writ of error to this court, are as follows:

’The Court of Civil Appeals erred in holding that the trial court was correct in granting Appellee’s Motion for Summary Judgment.

’The Court of Civil Appeals erred in holding that Sec. 6a of Article 8307, Vernon’s Texas Civil Statutes, does not admit of judicial construction under the circumstances in this case.

’The Court of Civil Appeals erred in holding that Appellant’s second claim for compensation benefits was barred by her having filed and prosecuted the Third Party action under the circumstances in this case.’

The court cannot say the court of civil appeals erred in refusing to reverse a case on a point raised for the first time in the motion for rehearing. ‘A point not assigned as error in the Court of Civil Appeals cannot be considered here.’ *798 Rule 469(c), Texas Rules of Civil Procedure.

The judgment of the court of civil appeals is affirmed.

McGEE, J., notes his dissent.



All further cites to Vernon’s Ann.Civ.Stat., Art. 8307.


See 6a has since been amended.


The 1973 amendment of Sec. 6a reads as follows:

‘If at the conclusion of a third party action a workmen’s compensation beneficiary is entitled to compensation, the net amount recovered by such beneficiary from the third party action shall be applied to reimburse the association for past benefits and medical expenses Paid and any amount in excess of past benefits and medical expenses shall be treated as an advance against future benefit payments of compensation to which the beneficiary is entitled to receive under the Act. When the advance is adequate to cover all future compensation and medical benefit payments as provided by this law, no further payments shall be made by the association But if insufficient, the association shall resume such payments when the advance is exhausted. The reasonable and necessary medical expenses incurred by the claimant on account of the injury shall be deducted from the advance in the same manner as benefit payments.’ (Emphasis added.)

End of Document