(a) The health care provider shall submit all medical bills to the insurance carrier except when billing the employer in accordance with subsection (j) of this section.
(b) Except as provided in Labor Code § 408.0272(b), (c) or (d), a health care provider shall not submit a medical bill later than the 95th day after the date the services are provided. In accordance with subsection (c) of the statute, the health care provider shall submit the medical bill to the correct workers' compensation insurance carrier not later than the 95th day after the date the health care provider is notified of the health care provider's erroneous submission of the medical bill. A health care provider who submits a medical bill to the correct workers' compensation insurance carrier shall include a copy of the original medical bill submitted, a copy of the explanation of benefits (EOB) if available, and sufficient documentation to support why one or more of the exceptions for untimely submission of a medical bill under § 408.0272 should be applied. The medical bill submitted by the health care provider to the correct workers' compensation insurance carrier is subject to the billing, review, and dispute processes established by Chapter 133, including § 133.307(c)(2)(A)-(H) of this title (relating to MDR of Fee Disputes), which establishes the generally acceptable standards for documentation.
(c) A health care provider shall include correct billing codes from the applicable Division fee guidelines in effect on the date(s) of service when submitting medical bills.
(d) The health care provider that provided the health care shall submit its own bill, unless:
(1) the health care was provided as part of a return to work rehabilitation program in accordance with the Division fee guidelines in effect for the dates of service;
(2) the health care was provided by an unlicensed individual under the direct supervision of a licensed health care provider, in which case the supervising health care provider shall submit the bill;
(3) the health care provider contracts with an agent for purposes of medical bill processing, in which case the health care provider agent may submit the bill; or
(4) the health care provider is a pharmacy that has contracted with a pharmacy processing agent for purposes of medical bill processing, in which case the pharmacy processing agent may submit the bill.
(e) A medical bill must be submitted:
(1) for an amount that does not exceed the health care provider's usual and customary charge for the health care provided in accordance with Labor Code §§ 413.011 and 415.005; and
(2) in the name of the licensed health care provider that provided the health care or that provided direct supervision of an unlicensed individual who provided the health care.
(f) Health care providers shall not resubmit medical bills to insurance carriers after the insurance carrier has taken final action on a complete medical bill and provided an explanation of benefits except in accordance with § 133.250 of this chapter (relating to Reconsideration for Payment of Medical Bills).
(g) Health care providers may correct and resubmit as a new bill an incomplete bill that has been returned by the insurance carrier.
(h) Not later than the 15th day after receipt of a request for additional medical documentation, a health care provider shall submit to the insurance carrier:
(1) any requested additional medical documentation related to the charges for health care rendered; or
(2) a notice the health care provider does not possess requested medical documentation.
(i) The health care provider shall indicate on the medical bill if documentation is submitted related to the medical bill.
(j) The health care provider may elect to bill the injured employee's employer if the employer has indicated a willingness to pay the medical bill(s). Such billing is subject to the following:
(1) A health care provider who elects to submit medical bills to an employer waives, for the duration of the election period, the rights to:
(A) prompt payment, as provided by Labor Code § 408.027;
(B) interest for delayed payment as provided by Labor Code § 413.019; and
(C) medical dispute resolution as provided by Labor Code § 413.031.
(2) When a health care provider bills the employer, the health care provider shall submit an information copy of the bill to the insurance carrier, which clearly indicates that the information copy is not a request for payment from the insurance carrier.
(3) When a health care provider bills the employer, the health care provider must bill in accordance with the Division's fee guidelines and § 133.10 of this chapter (relating to Required Billing Forms/Formats).
(4) A health care provider shall not submit a medical bill to an employer for charges an insurance carrier has reduced, denied or disputed.
(k) A health care provider shall not submit a medical bill to an injured employee for all or part of the charge for any of the health care provided, except as an informational copy clearly indicated on the bill, or in accordance with subsection (l) of this section. The information copy shall not request payment.
(l) The health care provider may only submit a bill for payment to the injured employee in accordance with:
(1) Labor Code § 413.042;
(2) Insurance Code § 1305.451; or
(3) § 134.504 of this title (relating to Pharmaceutical Expenses Incurred by the Injured Employee).
The provisions of this §133.20 adopted to be effective May 2, 2006, 31 TexReg 3544; amended to be effective January 29, 2009, 34 TexReg 430.