(a) Applicability of this section is as follows.
(1) This section applies to medical services provided in an inpatient acute care hospital with an admission date on or after March 1, 2008.
(2) For admission dates prior to March 1, 2008, the law and Division of Workers' Compensation (Division) rules in effect for those dates of service shall apply.
(3) This section does not apply to:
(A) professional medical services billed by a provider not employed by the hospital, except for a surgical implant provider as described in this section; or
(B) medical services provided through a workers' compensation health care network certified pursuant to Insurance Code Chapter 1305, except as provided in Insurance Code Chapter 1305.
(b) Definitions for words and terms, when used in this section, shall have the following meanings, unless clearly indicated otherwise.
(1) “Acute care hospital” means a health care facility appropriately licensed by the Texas Department of State Health Services that provides inpatient and outpatient medical services to patients experiencing acute illness or trauma.
(2) “Implantable” means an object or device that is surgically:
(D) or otherwise applied, and
(E) related equipment necessary to operate, program and recharge the implantable.
(3) “Medicare payment policy” means reimbursement methodologies, models, and values or weights including its coding, billing, and reporting payment policies as set forth in the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) payment policies specific to Medicare.
(4) “Outlier payment amount” means the amount determined through use of the calculations described in subsection (f) of this section.
(5) “Surgical implant provider” means a person that arranges for the provision of implantable devices to a health care facility and that then seeks reimbursement for the implantable devices provided directly from an insurance carrier.
(c) A surgical implant provider is subject to Chapter 133 of this title and is considered a health care provider for purposes of this section and the sections in Chapter 133 of this title (relating to Benefits--Medical Benefits).
(d) For coding, billing, reporting, and reimbursement of health care covered in this section, Texas workers' compensation system participants shall apply Medicare payment policies in effect on the date a service is provided with any additions or exceptions specified in this section, including the following paragraphs.
(1) Specific provisions contained in the Texas Labor Code or the Texas Department of Insurance, Division of Workers' Compensation (Division) rules, including this chapter, shall take precedence over any conflicting provision adopted or utilized by the CMS in administering the Medicare program.
(2) Independent Review Organization decisions regarding medical necessity made in accordance with Labor Code § 413.031 and § 133.308 of this title (relating to MDR by Independent Review Organizations), which are made on a case-by-case basis, take precedence in that case only, over any Division rules and Medicare payment policies.
(3) Whenever a component of the Medicare program is revised and effective, use of the revised component shall be required for compliance with Division rules, decisions, and orders for services rendered on and after the effective date, or after the effective date or the adoption date of the revised Medicare component, whichever is later.
(e) Except as provided in subsection (h) of this section, regardless of billed amount, reimbursement shall be:
(1) the amount for the service that is included in a specific fee schedule set in a contract that complies with the requirements of Labor Code § 413.011; or
(2) if no contracted fee schedule exists that complies with Labor Code § 413.011, the maximum allowable reimbursement (MAR) amount under subsection (f) of this section, including any applicable outlier payment amounts and reimbursement for implantables.
(3) If no contracted fee schedule exists that complies with Labor Code § 413.011, and an amount cannot be determined by application of the formula to calculate the MAR as outlined in subsection (f) of this section, reimbursement shall be determined in accordance with § 134.1 of this title (relating to Medical Reimbursement).
(f) The reimbursement calculation used for establishing the MAR shall be the Medicare facility specific amount, including outlier payment amounts, determined by applying the most recently adopted and effective Medicare Inpatient Prospective Payment System (IPPS) reimbursement formula and factors as published annually in the Federal Register. The following minimal modifications shall be applied.
(1) The sum of the Medicare facility specific reimbursement amount and any applicable outlier payment amount shall be multiplied by:
(A) 143 percent; unless
(B) a facility or surgical implant provider requests separate reimbursement in accordance with subsection (g) of this section, in which case the facility specific reimbursement amount and any applicable outlier payment amount shall be multiplied by 108 percent.
(2) When calculating outlier payment amounts, the facility's total billed charges shall be reduced by the facility's billed charges for any item reimbursed separately under subsection (g) of this section.
(g) Implantables, when billed separately by the facility or a surgical implant provider in accordance with subsection (f)(1)(B) of this section, shall be reimbursed at the lesser of the manufacturer's invoice amount or the net amount (exclusive of rebates and discounts) plus 10 percent or $1,000 per billed item add-on, whichever is less, but not to exceed $2,000 in add-on's per admission.
(1) A facility or surgical implant provider billing separately for an implantable shall include with the billing a certification that the amount billed represents the actual costs (net amount, exclusive of rebates and discounts) for the implantable. The certification shall include the following sentence: “I hereby certify under penalty of law that the following is the true and correct actual cost to the best of my knowledge.”
(2) A carrier may use the audit process under § 133.230 of this title (relating to Insurance Carrier Audit of a Medical Bill) to seek verification that the amount certified under paragraph (1) of this subsection properly reflects the requirements of this subsection. Such verification may also take place in the Medical Dispute Resolution process under § 133.307 of this title (relating to MDR of Fee Dispute), if that process is properly requested, notwithstanding § 133.307(d)(2)(B) of this title.
(3) Nothing in this rule precludes a health care facility or insurance carrier from utilizing a surgical implant provider to arrange for the provision of implantable devices. Implantables provided by a surgical implant provider shall be reimbursed according to this subsection.
(h) A hospital that is classified by Medicare as a Sole Community Hospital, a Medicare Dependent Hospital, or a Rural Referral Center Hospital, shall initially be paid the amount calculated for such hospital in accordance with subsections (e) through (g) of this section. If the initial payment is less than the cost of the services in question, the hospital may request reconsideration in accordance with § 133.250 of this title (relating to Reconsideration for Payment of Medical Bills) and present documentation of any amount it would have been paid under the Medicare regulations in effect when the services were performed. If such a showing is made, the hospital shall be paid the difference between the amount initially paid and the amount Medicare would have paid for the services as adjusted by the appropriate multiplier.
(i) Notwithstanding Medicare payment policies, whenever Medicare requires a specific setting for a service, that restriction shall apply, unless an alternative setting and payment has been approved through the Division's preauthorization, concurrent review, or voluntary certification of health care process.
(j) A preauthorization request may be submitted for an alternative facility setting only if an agreement has already been reached and a copy of the signed agreement is filed as a part of the preauthorization request. Copies of the agreement shall be kept by both parties. This agreement does not constitute a voluntary network established in accordance with Labor Code § 413.011(d-1).
(1) The agreement between the insurance carrier and the party that requested the alternative facility setting must be in writing, in clearly stated terms, and include:
(A) the reimbursement amount;
(B) a description of the services to be performed under the agreement;
(C) any other provisions of the agreement; and
(D) names of the entities, titles and signatures of both parties, and names, titles, signatures with dates of the persons signing the agreement.
(2) An agreement for an alternative facility setting may be revised during or after preauthorization by written agreement of the insurance carrier and the party that requested the alternative facility setting.
(3) Upon request of the Division, the agreement information shall be submitted in the form and manner prescribed by the Division.
(k) If a court of competent jurisdiction holds that any provision of this section is inconsistent with any statutes of this state, are unconstitutional, or are invalid for any reason, the remaining provisions of this section shall remain in full effect.
The provisions of this § 134.404 adopted to be effective March 1, 2008, 33 TexReg 400.